- Speed: Asian giant hornet: 40 km/h
- Phylum: Arthropoda
- Wingspan: Asian giant hornet: 7.6 cm
- Family: Vespidae
- Order: Hymenoptera
- Length: Asian giant hornet: 5.5 cm, Asian hornet: 2 cm, European hornet: 1.8 – 2.4 cm
Paper wasps are vespid wasps that gather fibres from dead wood and plant stems, which they mix with saliva and use to construct water-resistant nests made of a gray or brown papery material. Some types of paper wasps are also sometimes called umbrella wasps, due to the distinctive design of their nests.